Factors Influencing Organizational Commitment of Employees in the Plantation Sector in Sri Lanka
Fernando, A.N.M., Wijesinghe, A.G.K. and Abeynayake, N.R.
Organizational commitment refers to the individual’s thoughts to stay in the organization and work effectively and positively for the organization. Organization commitment of employees is a key factor that contributes to the achievements of organizational goals. Final performance of an organization depends on the levels of commitment of its workers. This research focused to investigate the factors that influence on organizational commitment of employees in the plantation sector organizations of Sri Lanka. Affective commitment and normative commitment are the main two dependent variables for this study. A structured questionnaire survey was carried out to gather primary data from randomly selected 275 employees covering six organizations of the Tea, Rubber and Coconut sectors. Organizations were selected randomly. Data were analysed by using Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) in AMOS in SPSS 21 version. The findings revealed that the nature of work, interpersonal relationship and work environment are the significant and positive factors that enhance affective commitment (p<0.001). Nature of work, work environment, and relationship between management and employees are the most significant and positive factors that enhance normative commitment (p<0.001) and pay and allowances significant at 0.01 probability on normative commitment. These findings will be helpful for all levels of managers, owners and policy makers to identify the main attributes that should be implemented in the organizations to enhance employee commitment.
KEYWORDS: Affective commitment, Normative commitment, Plantation sector employees